Step 1: Spraying
Spray Round Up or Glyphosate 7 days prior to starting any earthworks, follow the manufacturer’s recommendations. This may need to be repeated if weather conditions are unfavourable.
Tip: Spray when existing lawn and weeds are healthy. This will achieve a more effective result.
Step 2: Excavation
Remove all vegetation by use of either a bobcat, hand rake, shovel or hire a turf cutter. Consider your drainage, level the area which falls to drainage points. If necessary install drainage pits which most often will tap into existing storm water pipes.
Tip: A bobcat can achieve a lot in a short time, thus saving your back.
Step 3: Soil
You will need 35 – 75mm of good top soil for a quality lawn. Using a screed, levelling bar or rake start levelling, ensuring there are no humps, bumps and hollows. Compact ground to when you only leave a boot mark not a boot indent.
Tip: Allow 35-40mm below edging, driveway & patio for turf slabs and make sure all areas will drain freely.
Step 4: Measuring
Measure the width and length of the area to be turfed, multiply these figures together, this will give you the amount of square meters required. Then add about 3-5% extra for cutting in.
Tip: Don’t use your feet to measure, always use a tape measure.
Step 5: Conditioner
Add organics and sandy loam soil to heavy soils to improve quality. For sandy soil, add organics and garden mix to improve water hold capacity.
Tip: Purchase a soil pH kit to test levels.
Step 6: Fertiliser
Fertilise prior to laying, using Sir Walter fertiliser 3.0kg per 100m2. With all the essential nutrients vital for a new lawn.
Step 7: Laying Turf
Lay in a brick pattern, starting at a straight line – path or driveway edge or set a string line. Ensure turf is butted together well, don’t leave any gaps between the slabs. This will only set your lawn back, when it becomes time to mow.
Tip: Lay turf across slopes. Use a serrated knife or sharp shovel to cut turf.
Step 8: Rolling
Roll turf for a good finish. This will also enable the grass to bed firmly against the moist soil.
Tip: Always roll across the slope.
Step 9: Watering
Once a section has been laid and rolled, water this section as soon as possible. When all the turf has been laid, give the whole lawn a good soak. Over the next two weeks give the lawn a water twice a day; this will stop the lawn from drying out.
Tip: Be aware of hot/windy weather, this can dry a new lawn out rapidly, increase watering to compensate.